The Paramount and Bellflower Rotary Clubs met at Paramount for a joint meeting today.
Club President, Dean Mouren-Laurens welcomed us.  He spoke of the definition of Rotary.  Cubs bring together dedicated individuals to exchange ideas, build relationships, and make positive impacts.  With the help of our Greater LA District, Rotary International, and The Rotary Foundation we work to make lasting improvements in our communities and around the world.
Jean Seruntine from the Bellflower Club lead us in song.
This week’s speaker was to be from JPL, however due to a scheduling conflict forced them to reschedule.  George Josephs of the Paramount Club gave a craft talk on his experiences as a F4 Phantom Fighter Pilot.
George began by showing a picture of the F4 Phantom and explaining that it is still used as the standard jet fighter in many parts of the world. It was originally designed to intercept anything trying to attack an aircraft carrier from the air.  It was found to be pretty good in “dog fighting”  and had the capabilities to drop bombs. Therefore the Phantom became the go to jet for Air to Ground, Air to Air as well as Intercept.
George explained that “dog fighting” has not changed since World War I.  This type of fighting relies on speed and maintaining speed during cornering which is hard to do in a Phantom but is crucial because once a jet loses speed they are a perfect target for the opponent.
The Phantom’s cornering velocity is at 420 knots which is a very quick and very tight turn.  At this speed with the after burners on, you are burning a lot of fuel and G-force is high.  As a pilot, the way you learn the speed of your machine is by sound and feel.  The sound of the wind going over the cockpit glass is an indicator of speed as well as how the stick feels in your hand.  The faster the jet flies the easier it is to maneuver.  The stick actually is loser the faster it goes so a pilot will steer with just their fingertips.
The problem Phantoms had in “dog fights” is that the tighter the turn the more it bleeds speed (slows down and loses fuel).  Thus the Russian Migs have an advantage over the Phantoms because of their turning capabilities. So the Phantoms key factor in “dog fight” engagement was if by 90⁰ of a turn, if you have not killed anyone get out with a pitch back.
Lastly, due to increased throttle needed during combat that kicked in the afterburners, 
“Flame Out” (run out of gas) was common during some of the tight air to air combats.
George did a great job “flying by the seat of his pants” to step in at the last minute.
Nigeria has had no cases of Polio for one year!  
The District Breakfast had a wonderful presentation on Operation Smile. To learn more visit their website: