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                                       Dr.  Melissa Rice with WWU                                                                                       
         
           
 
      
    
                                    Bruce Clawson - Book Review                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
            
 
                    John Moffat - Minister of Fun                                                                      Rotary Brass
                                                                                                                   Doug Cole, John Dunne, Brad Burdick & Del VandeKerk
 
          
                     

May 2, 2022

Opening Welcome:
President Peter rang the meeting to order at 12:30 PM. It is the 91st virtual and 37th in-person meeting since the pandemic started.
 
Book Review by Bruce Clawson "How To Change your Mind" by Michael Pollan
Here was a headline from an April 12th story by Business Insider:

Psychoactive substance in 'magic’ mushrooms 'rewired' the brains of people with depression in a small, promising study

Researchers from Imperial College London and UC San Francisco, looked at brain scans and found the drug psilocybin helped 'rewire the brain' in patients. People with depression typically experience intense connectivity between some parts of the brain, and weak connectivity between other parts. The study found that psilocybin both helped temper the intensity and boost weak connectivity.
 
Simply put, there is a renaissance in psychedelic drugs going on right now. And it's a serious, science and medicine-based resurgence, not the 1960’s version with Timothy Leary as it’s poster child.
 
How to Change Your Mind is the latest book by Michael Pollan.  Best known for The Omnivore's Dilemma, Pollan is a thoughtful and skilled non-fiction author, and an excellent researcher. Throughout his books, he has also demonstrated his skill as an experiential journalist. 
 
But his body of work to now has nearly all been with a historical and cultural focus on food. He has written books about the food manufacturing and distribution industry, a manifesto for healthy eating, even a book on the historical and cultural importance of fermentation. When I had to change my own diet recently, I read his inspiring book, "In Defense of Food", as context for the changes I was making.
 
So why would an established, successful food writer take on hallucinogenic drugs?
Simply put, he was personally curious. I will return to this at the end. 
 
In How to Change Your Mind Pollan chronicles the long and storied history of psychedelic drugs, from their turbulent 1960s heyday to the resulting countermovement and backlash. Through his coverage of the recent resurgence in this field of research, as well as his own personal use of psychedelics as a "mental travelogue", Pollan illuminates not only the mechanics of the drugs themselves, but also the inner workings of the human mind and consciousness.
 
He takes a holistic approach to the subject. The book is organized into six chapters with an epilogue:
  1. A Renaissance - the resurgence of interest today
  2. Natural History of psychedelic substances
  3. History: The First Wave - history of the scientific and cultural emergence and later collapse of psychedelics (psilocybin, LSD, ayahuasca, peyote, etc.)
  4. Travelogue: Journeying Underground - his own experimentations (four trips detailed)
  5. The Neuroscience: Your Brain on Psychedelics
  6. The Trip Treatment: Psychedelics in Psychotherapy
The rewarding conclusion is a thesis about how the drugs work, and why they are neither dangerous nor addictive.  This is where the story speaks to the human mind and consciousness. 
 
The "default mode network" in human neuroscience are patterns built over time by everyone. As you go from child to adult, and throughout your life, you establish patterns of thinking through experience - what works and what doesn't. Some neural pathways are reinforced and grow stronger, while lesser connections wither. Some mental disorders (depression and neuroses) can be marked by exceptionally strong Default Mode Networks such that the person is trapped into a particular way of negative thinking. We all do this, but to a matter of degree.
 
A child's mind is said to be more elastic in part because they haven't yet built a strong default mode network. Neural linkages are more dispersed and the creative and logical parts of the brain are better connected. This is perhaps why the line between reality and fantasy in children is not so clear.
 
Here is a quote from that April 12 article: “David Nutt, head of the Imperial Centre for Psychedelic Research, said in a statement of their findings: "For the first time we find that psilocybin works differently from conventional antidepressants – making the brain more flexible and fluid, and less entrenched in the negative thinking patterns associated with depression.”
 
It turns out that psychedelics don't destroy or damage your brain, they simply quiet the default mode network (similar to when you dream during sleep)  - thereby allowing creative thought and unusual neural connections to flourish. People gain clarity and perspective because they are literally using their brain differently. 
 
I read this book a year ago in the middle of the pandemic and out in the Southern California desert. That was both a strange time and very different setting from my daily life. In other words, I was ready for it. The book made me very, very curious. I don’t suffer from depression or neurotic behavior, but my routines and thought patterns are well entrenched.  Perhaps I will give a follow-up report as a mental travelogue.
 
I strongly recommend this book. Pun intended, it may Change you Mind about psychedelics.
 
 
Support Rotary in Ukraine
 
Message from our District Governor for District 5050, Bev Harrington:
 
My Fellow Rotarians:
As the humanitarian crisis unfolds in Ukraine, we ask "what can we do from so far away?"  Here is the most comprehensive information I have received to date. 
Financial contributions are easily made online to The Rotary Foundation Disaster Response Fund.  A link to view the projects that are already in place is also provided below.  
You and I and Rotarians from around the world can make a difference.  
 
All donations made online at Disaster Response Fund | My Rotary, including the use of available district designated funds (DDF), need to be received by April 30, 2022. Grant applications to take advantage of the funds will be available now through June 30, 2022. This will be the main avenue for Rotary Foundation support, but Rotary and Rotaract clubs are also encouraged to create their own responses to the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine.
 
In addition to the support provided through the Disaster Response Fund, the Foundation is coordinating with partners and regional leaders, exploring effective solutions to the increased humanitarian needs. You will find a comprehensive list of projects at this linkwith the contact details and websites.
Thank you for all that you do to promote peace
 
Club and Committee Announcements:
 
President Peter announced that there will be a special Board of Directors meeting today after this regular meeting to discuss Membership and Retention.
 
Jack Westford surveyed Club members to see if they want to form a RCOB book club and found some interest. Next week, there will be a short meeting after the regular Club meeting to see if it gets traction.
 
It is that time again to nominate our very deserving members for 1 of 4 of our RCOB Major Awards that will be presented at our Changing of the Guard on June 20th:
 
The Will J. Griswold Club Service Award
The David C. Morse Sr. Community Service Award
The Michael K. Mischaikow International Service Award
The Karen W. Morse Vocational Service Award,
 
Click Here for Document description and list of winners.
Please send your nominations to either President Peter, President-Elect Paul Grey, Vice-President Doug Cole, Treasurer Steve Gray or Past President Gary Goldfogel who are our Executive Committee.  You can also send to Sandee, who will forward them.
 
Important Date Announcements: 
 
May 5th Cinco de Mayo Social – On behalf of the Social Committee, Lynda Hinton reported an upcoming Cinco de Mayo gathering at the Bellingham Golf and Country Club.  The date, of course, is May 5, 5:30 PM.  Contact Lynda at lynda@lyndahinton.com  The Taco Bar will be generously hosted by Lynda with a no host bar.  Donations will be accepted for RCOB Charities.
 
May 21 - Clean Up at Memorial Park.  Teri Treat said the clean-up at Memorial Park will happen 21 May, 9 AM to noon. More info coming soon.
 
May 28th – Whatcom Memorial Day Parade – The Club will be participating in the Memorial Day Parade, hopefully with walkers/marchers and a float.  This is the 100th anniversary of the parade.  Sign-up to march on the website at bellinghamrotary.org.  
 
May 29 -  Ski to Sea Parade – The Club will be a sponsor of the 2022 Ski to Sea Parade. We will also be staffing a Rotary booth in Fairhaven on race day.
 
June 16th - Hands On Committee Work Party at Base Camp - More details to come
 
June 20th - Changing of the Guard
 
June 27th Rotary Cruise to Eliza Island
Marty Haines reported that this year’s cruise will return to Dick Tucker’s home on Eliza Island. Marty is recruiting members’ boats for the cruise.
 
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Weekly Meeting instructions:

You will still receive an email from Sandee each week prior to the Monday 12:30 meeting if you are unable to attend in person (you can start logging in at 12:00 for short socializing) with the link for that privacy-protected meeting.  If you have not done so, please download the Zoom app on your computer (you need a camera and microphone on it), iPad or phone.  There is no cost to you.  If you do not have either, you can also call in.  On the invitation, there are US phone numbers you can call and enter the meeting ID number also indicated on the invitation.  HERE ARE ZOOM INSTRUCTIONS.

Four Points is now requiring a Contract thru March 2022. We will continue to evaluate other locations for a permanent location.   Lunch will be $22 for a sit-down meal. We must notify them by Wednesday at 4:00 pm each week prior to the Monday meeting as to the number of members attending.  We are sending out meeting “Invite's” weekly and members are asked to sign-up ASAP. You can also sign-up by going to the event section of our website at bellinghamrotary.org.  If you sign up for a meal at the meeting, you will need to pay the $22 even if you don't wind up attending the meeting after numbers are turned in.  If you plan to attend but not eat, PLEASE indicate that on your sign-up so we don't overorder meals and still make sure there is enough seating. 

Four Points also will not collect the payment weekly, so the Club will collect payments prior to the meeting or at the door.

We urge members of the RCOB to set up a Venmo account for ease in payment of Meeting lunches, Happy Bucks, Minister of Fun, Dues or donations to the club.  Our account is @RCOB-Bellingham.  If you do not have a Venmo account you can set up an account with your computer then download the app. on your phone (just Google "Venmo" and you will find all the information you need)  You then attach it to a debit or credit card (a fee on your end) or attach to your checking account at no cost.  Payment will be sent directly to the RCOB checking account. When you use it for the first time it may ask you the last 4 digits of the RCOB phone number which is 0282.   Give Sandee a call if you need help.  360-734-5532

Other payment options are to bring a check in the correct amount to the meeting made out to RCOB or cash in the exact amount to speed up the payment process.  There is also the PayPal option as usual and we are set to take payments at the meeting.  We have a QR Code that you can simply click on to pay thru paypal also.

 
Website and Phone App instructions:
Here is a tutorial on how to login for the first time.  (Click here)  Go to bellinghamrotary.org first.  In order to login you need to know your user name and password in your Clubrunner account.  The user name is Yourfirstname.Lastname.264 unless you have changed it.  Example: Sandra.Lindhout.264  The password is initially set by Clubrunner at 264 unless you have changed it.  Sandee can see your Username from her computer but not the password.  She can also change your password for you from her computer at your request if you run into problems.
 
Once you have originally created your User Name and Password you can download the ClubRunner Mobile app on your phone:                                                             
iphones https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/clubrunner/id434696377?mt=8                                                                            
Here is a link for you to take a look at the app:

Please contact Sandee at 360-734-5532 or rcob@comcast.net if you run into any trouble.
 
Guests
Shauna Naf introduced her co-worker Randy Bowers and her aunt and uncle, Brad & Donna Parson's joined us on Zoom.
 
Members attending on Zoom:  Vinson Latimore, John Pedlow, Steve Hager, Bob Morse, Loch Trimingham, Corey Chaplin, Dennis Williams, Gary Goldfogel and John Harris. 

Program

The Mars Rover: One Year Later by Melissa Rice, Ph.D.
 
Program Chair Doug Cole introduced our speaker today. Dr. Melissa Rice is an Associate Professor of Planetary Science at Western Washington University, where she has held a joint appointment in the Geology Department and the Physics and Astronomy Department since 2014. She received her undergraduate degree from Wellesley College and her Ph.D. from the Department of Astronomy at Cornell University in 2012. She was a NASA Astrobiology Institute Postdoctoral Fellow at the California Institute of Technology from 2012-2014. Her research focuses on the sedimentology, stratigraphy and mineralogy of Mars. She is a collaborator on the active Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity mission, a Participating Scientist on the Mars Science Laboratory rover mission, and a Co-Investigator for the Mastcam-Z investigation in development for the Mars 2020 rover mission.
 
This is Dr. Rice's third visit to our Rotary Club. Since her last visit,  Perseverance Rover has been actively exploring the Martian surface for nearly a year, so we look forward to her update. She grew up in Sammamish and, in her spare time, she enjoys hiking, kayaking and traveling to new countries with her husband Casey.
 
Dr. Rice explained that her current task with regard to the Mars Rover is as one of the scientists managing the two Mastcam-Z cameras on Perseverance. Her shifts have to coincide with the Martian day, which is 40 minutes longer than ours, making for a very irregular sleeping schedule.
 
Mars has no vegetation, continents or weather patterns, but, 3-4 billion years ago, it was a lot more like Earth, with weather, rain, snowfall, lakes, possibly an ocean, all things that had the potential for sustaining life. Mars eventually lost its magnetic field, its atmosphere and its water. Why and how that happened is the focus of Mars research. Answers to those questions might provide clues for preventing the same fate for our planet. 

The mission's goal is to understand all aspects of Mars’ history. Are there fossils preserved in the rock, which would indicate the presence of life on Mars in the distant past?  Perseverance was landed in the middle of a former lake, with the dry beds of rivers flowing in and out of it, to search for organic material. The Rover will be obtaining pencil-sized core samples of layered sediment. It is also collecting rocks native to the area. It will take three separate missions and 10 years to get these samples back to earth for thorough investigation. Perseverance is collecting the samples. The next Rover will be able to retrieve those samples, then take off from and orbit around Mars. The third mission will be able to transport those samples back to Earth.
 
Perseverance brought to Mars a tiny helicopter (the size of a softball), which is the first self-propelled vehicle to fly on Mars. It is used to scout out where the Rover can safely travel. It has also sent back dramatic pictures of the parachute and rocket thrusters which allowed Perseverance to land safely. Those were ejected just before landing and fell a safe distance from the Rover. The helicopter's propellers are much larger than normal to account for the 100 times thinner Martian atmosphere. Solar panels on the blades charge during the day, allowing for a maximum of 3 minutes a day of flying time.
 
Dr. Rice promised to return in a year to give us another update.
 
Final Announcement:
President Peter thanked everyone who made this meeting possible and adjourned us with the ringing of the bell at 1:30 PM.
 
 
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May Rotary Anniversaries - Thank you! 
 
 
 
 
 
Sandee Lindhout
Member Since 1966
 
Dewey Desler
Member Since 1987
 
Del VandeKerk
Member Since 1998
 
 
 
John Macpherson
Member Since 2003
Phil Gubbins
Member Since 2004
Mark Knittel
Member Since 2007
 
Rud Browne
Member Since 2007
Lynda Hinton
Member Since 2014
Andy Day
Member Since 2016
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May Birthdays - Happy Birthday and Enjoy!

 
  • Colleen Baldwin
  • Monty McAllister
  • Dennis Williams
  • Scott Wilson
  • Kathy Hiyane-Brown
Speakers
May 23, 2022
“Prediabetes…great, another epidemic!”
May 30, 2022
Holiday - Memorial Day
Jun 06, 2022
Jun 13, 2022
Rachel Vasak - NSEA
View entire list
Upcoming Events
2022 Sunnyland Memorial Park Clean-up
Sunnyland Memorial Park
May 21, 2022
9:00 AM – 12:00 PM
 
RCOB In-Person Meeting May 23, 2022
Four Points by Sheraton
May 23, 2022
12:00 PM – 1:30 PM
 
Whatcom Memorial Day Parade 2022 Participation
May 28, 2022
11:00 AM – 3:00 PM
 
RCOB In-Person Meeting June 6, 2022
Four Points by Sheraton
Jun 06, 2022
12:00 PM – 1:30 PM
 
View entire list
Sponsors
Interested in being a sponsor?
Download the website sponsorship guide
Executives & Directors
President
 
President Elect
 
Treasurer
 
Executive Secretary
 
Vice President/Program Chair
 
Past President
 
Director/Vocational Service & Membership
 
Director/Community Service
 
Director/International & Youth Service
 
Director/Club Service & Meetings
 
Website Administer
 
THIS WEEK'S TEAM:
 
Editor:  Steve Ban
 
Reporter: Hans Erchinger-Davis
 
Invocation:  Paul Grey
 
Greeters: John Macpherson and Jodi Borrelli
 
Raffle Sales:  Felicity Dye
 
Av:  Ward Naf & Mark Knittel
 
Music: Rotary Brass, Doug Cole, Brad Burdick, John Dunne & Del VandeKerk
 
Photographer: Mike Diehl
 
Book Review:  Bruce Clawson